US IDENTIFIES SUDAN AS CUSTOMER FOR NORTH KOREA MILITARY EXPORTS

Andrea Berger in her blog noted that the Pentagon’s new report on DPRK military capabilities describes Sudan as a “core customer” for North Korean defence exports, though notes their recent agreement to end such co-operation.  The report notes that North Korea uses a worldwide network to facilitate arms-sales activities. It has a core, but dwindling, group of customers that includes Iran and Syria. Others core customers, such as Sudan and Uganda, have recently agreed to end arms co-operation with Pyongyang.  The report provides examples of past arms export cases. It notes that past clients for North Korea’s ballistic missiles and associated technology have included Egypt, Iraq, Libya, Pakistan, and Yemen. Burma has begun distancing itself from North Korea, but concerns remain regarding lingering arms trade ties between the countries.  North Korea uses various methods to circumvent UN sanctions, including falsifying enduser certificates, mislabeling crates, sending cargo through multiple front companies and intermediaries, and using point-to-point air cargo deliveries for high-value and sensitive arms exports, thus limiting interdiction opportunities.

The report from February 2018 is available at –

https://media.defense.gov/2018/May/22/2001920587/-1/-1/1/REPORT-TO-CONGRESS-MILITARY-AND-SECURITY-DEVELOPMENTS-INVOLVING-THE-DEMOCRATIC-PEOPLES-REPUBLIC-OF-KOREA-2017.PDF

 

Author: raytodd2017

Chartered Legal Executive and former senior manager with Isle of Man Customs and Excise, where I was (amongst other things) Sanctions Officer (for UN/EU sanctions), Export Licensing Officer and Manager of the Legal-Library & Collectorate Support Section

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