A new paper from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) saying that Transfers of software and technology can play a crucial role in the proliferation of conventional arms and WMD. However, they can also take an intangible form or be transferred through intangible means that make them difficult to detect and monitor. This SIPRI paper examines –
- the different ways in which transfers of software and technology occur;
- the proliferation-related challenges they generate;
- the way controls are structured in the multilateral export control regimes and implemented in EU member states;
- the particular challenges that implementation and compliance present for EU governments, companies and research institutes.
The conclusions highlight steps that different stakeholders can take to improve the consistency and effectiveness of software and technology controls. Funding for the concept paper was provided by the US Department of State’s Export Control and Related Border Security (EXBS) Program.