These UK Regulations, SI 2018/229, bring into force a code of practice w.e.f. 21st February, and issued under section 94(1) of the Policing and Crime Act 2017 re enforcement powers in relation to ships that are available to an English or Welsh law enforcement officer, who may arrest without warrant any person whom the officer has reasonable grounds to believe to be guilty of an offence under the law of England and Wales that has been, or is being, committed on a relevant ship. The 2017 Act introduced new maritime specific powers for law enforcement officers across the UK, including the power to stop, board, detain and divert vessels in respect of any offence under the law of their jurisdiction. The changes were made because section 30 of the Police Act 1996 Act provided that the powers of a constable in England and Wales were limited to England and Wales and the adjacent UK waters. The new maritime enforcement powers are brought into force by the Regulations below, from 1st March.
POLICING AND CRIME ACT 2017 (COMMENCEMENT NO. 7) REGULATIONS 2018
These Regulations, SI 2018/227, bring into force certain further provisions of the 2017 Act relating to the London Fire Commissioner, maritime enforcement powers applicable in England and Wales, and Scotland, cross-border enforcement powers in the UK, and removal of certain political restrictions placed on the position of Deputy Mayor for Policing and Crime. The provisions come into force on various dates from 1st March to 1st April. An addendum lists the previous commencement regulations that brought into force other elements of the 2017 Act.